“The virus has more difficulties to spread between people at high temperatures,” said the specialists.
Mexico has reached very high numbers of coronaviruses. Specialists estimate that the quarantine could not be lifted on May 30, as authorities had warned, due to the imminent rise they perceive in the figures. In the midst of this panorama, a study revealed that there are places that due to their tropical climate are more resistant to coronavirus.
There are a total of 5 cities that due to their climatic conditions have a lower risk of presenting outbreaks of the disease. A group of medical researchers from Monterrey, Nuevo León, announced that factors such as sunlight, temperature, ozone, humidity, latitude, and height could cause more or less spread of the coronavirus.
In the states of Campeche, Guerrero, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí and Veracruz are the cities whose conditions have led them to the first five places on the list of the study.
This ranking was made based on an article published in the United States by the University of Maryland, according to Dr. Larissa Ríos, a graduate of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, who carried out the analysis of the cities.
At higher temperatures and higher humidity, there is less viral reproduction and therefore fewer outbreaks.
The five cities are: Ciudad Valles in San Luis Potosí, Ayutla de los Liebres in Guerrero, Huejutla de Reyes in Hidalgo, Minatitlán in Veracruz and Ciudad del Cármen in Campeche.
To rank one above the other, a map of the average temperature and accumulated rainfall per year was created, from which those regions with a temperature above 25 degrees Celsius were selected. Other characteristics considered for the study were that the population was equal to or greater than 40,000 inhabitants and was at least 600 meters above sea level.
“The virus has a harder time spreading between people in warmer climates”
Although there are no places that are immune to the coronavirus, climatic factors can mitigate the spread. This effect has not been mentioned solely by the University of Maryland.
According to the Finacial Times, the Beihang and Tsinghua universities in China have also reached the same conclusions. The author of the article that led to Ríos’ research is by Mohammad Sajadi, an associate professor at the Institute of Virology at the American university.
“The virus has a harder time spreading between people in warmer climates,” he said. At a temperature of 5 to 11 degrees Celsius and with low humidity, the virus is transmitted more efficiently.
The article ensures that the areas in which the virus has affected much more are between 1 and 10 degrees Celsius and are located north of the equator.
However, there is a scenario that worries specialists from the University of Basel in Switzerland and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden because “ with the beginning of spring and summer we could have the impression that the virus has been successfully contained, just to see a further increase in infections in the winter of 2020-21 ”.
As in the case of other diseases, introducing seasonal data into the pandemic models of the coronavirus would allow different waves of COVID-19 to be recognized, as was the case with the Spanish flu in 1918, when 50 million people worldwide died from this disease, after the three waves of that pandemic.
The Mazatlan Post