San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiaps.- During a tour of the National Commissioner for Reconstruction, David Cervantes Peredo, to verify the progress in the recovery of homes, historic buildings, educational institutions, and health units damaged by the 2017 earthquakes in the Chiapas state, federal and state authorities visited two historic temples in which the Secretary of Culture of the Government of Mexico, through the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), has worked to recover the affected cultural heritage.
Guided by the general director of INAH, Diego Prieto Hernández, the delegation visited the Temple of San Francisco, built in the 18th century, with various modifications until the 20th century, where it was verified that the restoration of the property has been completed, while the intervention of your personal property continues.
This historical property was built with adobe walls and a gabled roof with a wooden structure and clay tile, derived from seismic movements, it presented fissures, cracks, and detachments from the flattening of the walls, as well as slippage of the roof tiles and roof tiles. the constructive joint area between the chapel buildings and the north facade of the temple, explained the director of the INAH Chiapas Center, Olivia Lara Jiménez.
Among the actions carried out for the recovery of the property, cracks were injected, trastejo was made and the decorative elements in belfry were replaced.
The recovery of the San Francisco Temple has been carried out with resources from the insurance contracted by the INAH and from the former Fund for Emergency Attention (Fonden). The restoration of its personal property is expected to be completed in 2021, so that the temple is delivered to the community, said Olivia Lara.
As regards the Temple of San Lorenzo Mártir, in Zinacantán, it was fully recovered in two stages and was returned to the Tsotsil community last June. On this occasion, the property was also visited by David Cervantes Peredo, the commissioner and undersecretary of Territorial and Agrarian Planning of the Secretariat for Territorial and Urban Development (Sedatu), in the company of the head of INAH, Diego Prieto.
In 2017, the property suffered considerable damage: fissures, cracks, detachment of the flattened walls, slippage of the roof tiles, and loss of 30 percent of these, as well as the total collapse of the belfry and bell towers.
It was recovered through a reconstruction and restructuring project designed by INAH, with meticulous opinion, using Fonden resources and in synergy with the indigenous community.
The foundation trace of this temple dates from the mid-16th century, when a chapel was erected that represented one of the first religious buildings in what is now the state of Chiapas. Over time, its dimensions were enlarged, and by the 18th century the main nave and part of a chapel were built.
It is a building of great significance because in 1546 it was handed over to the Dominican order by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas, as recorded in the deed. It is the first known building that had this order in Chiapas.